Capillary electrophoresis has been used to separate and quantitate glyphosate and its major metabolite, (aminomethyl)phosphonic acid (AMPA), in serum. The two compounds, after derivatization with p-toluenesulphonyl chloride, were clearly separated with 0.1 M boric acid-sodium hydroxide buffer (pH 9.6) containing 10% methanol. The separation was completed within 15 min at an applied potential of 30 kV. Calibration curves for the assay were linear over both the lower (0.5-10 micrograms/ml) and the higher (10-100 micrograms/ml) concentration ranges. The within-run and day-to-day coefficients of variation of peak area were 1.4-4.4 and 4.4-8.5%, respectively, for glyphosate and 1.8-2.9 and 1.8-2.9%, respectively, for AMPA. The within-run and day-to-day precisions of the migration time for both compounds were less than 1.8% and less than 2.5%, respectively. The detection limit of both derivatives was 0.1 microgram/ml in spiked sera, and the recoveries of glyphosate and AMPA were 87.9-88.8 and 78.4-86.9%, respectively. In this study, the reproducibility and the effect of pH changes on the electropherograms were especially examined.