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Design of a combined process for the inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis in liquid whole egg at 55°C.

International journal of food microbiology (2011-02-19)
S Monfort, E Gayán, S Condón, J Raso, I Alvarez
ABSTRACT

This paper is an evaluation of the lethal effectiveness of a successive application of pulsed electric fields (PEFs) and heat treatment in liquid whole egg (LWE) in the presence of different additives on the population of Salmonella serovar Enteritidis. Synergistic reductions of the Salmonella Enteritidis population were observed when LWE samples containing additives were treated with PEF (25 kV/cm; 100 and 200 kJ/kg), heat (55 °C), or PEF followed by heat. The presence of additives, such as 10 mM EDTA or 2% triethyl citrate, increased the PEF lethality 1 log₁₀ cycle and generated around 1.5 log₁₀ cycles of cell damage, resulting in the reduction of undamaged cells of 4.4 and 3.1 log₁₀ cycles, respectively. The application of PEF followed by heat treatment significantly (p < 0.05) reduced D(55 ºC) from 3.9 ± 0.2 min in LWE to 1.40 ± 0.06 min or 0.24 ± 0.02 min in the presence of 10 mM EDTA or 2% triethyl citrate, respectively. A PEF treatment of 25 kV/cm and 200 kJ/kg followed by a heat treatment of 55 °C and 2 min reduced more than 8 log₁₀ cycles of the population of Salmonella Enteritidis in LWE combined with 2% triethyl citrate, with a minimal impact on its protein soluble content. The heat sensitizing effect of PEF treatments in the presence of 2% triethyl citrate on the Salmonella population could enable LWE producers to reduce the temperature or processing time of thermal treatments (current standards are 60 °C for 3.5 min in the United States), increasing the level of Salmonella inactivation and retaining the quality of non-treated LWE.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Triethyl citrate, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Triethyl citrate, ≥98.0% (GC)
Supelco
Triethyl citrate, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
Triethyl citrate, analytical standard