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Sorption of four hydrophobic organic compounds by three chemically distinct polymers: role of chemical and physical composition.

Environmental science & technology (2012-06-09)
Xiaoying Guo, Xilong Wang, Xinzhe Zhou, Xiangzhen Kong, Shu Tao, Baoshan Xing
ABSTRACT

The sorption behavior of four hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) (i.e., phenanthrene, naphthalene, lindane, and 1-naphthol) by three types of polymers namely polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), and polyphenyleneoxide (PPO) was examined in this work. The organic carbon content-normalized sorption coefficients (K(oc)) of phenanthrene, lindane, and naphthalene by PEs of same composition but distinct physical makeup of domains increased with their crystallinity reduction (from 58.7 to 25.5%), suggesting that mobility and abundance of rubbery domains in polymers regulated HOC sorption. Cross-linking in styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer (PS2) created substantial surface area and porosity, thus, K(oc) values of phenanthrene, lindane, naphthalene, and 1-naphthol by PS2 were as high as 274.8, 212.3, 27.4, and 1.5 times of those by the linear polystyrene (PS1). The K(oc) values of lindane, naphthalene, and 1-naphthol by polar PPO were approximately 1-3 orders of magnitude higher than those by PS1, and PPO had comparable sorption for phenanthrene but higher sorption for naphthalene and 1-naphthol than PS2. This can be a result that a portion of O-containing moieties in PPO were masked in the interior part, while leaving the hydrophobic domains exposed outside, therefore demonstrating the great influence of the spatial arrangement of domains in polymers on HOC sorption.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1-Naphthol, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Naphthol, puriss. p.a., reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99% (GC)
Supelco
1-Naphthol, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Naphthol, BioXtra, ≥99%