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Structure and binding interface of the cytosolic tails of αXβ2 integrin.

PloS one (2012-07-31)
Geok-Lin Chua, Xiao-Yan Tang, Alok Tanala Patra, Suet-Mien Tan, Surajit Bhattacharjya
ABSTRACT

Integrins are signal transducer proteins involved in a number of vital physiological processes including cell adhesion, proliferation and migration. Integrin molecules are hetero-dimers composed of two distinct subunits, α and β. In humans, 18 α and 8 β subunits are combined into 24 different integrin molecules. Each of the subunit comprises a large extracellular domain, a single pass transmembrane segment and a cytosolic tail (CT). The CTs of integrins are vital for bidirectional signal transduction and in maintaining the resting state of the receptors. A large number of intracellular proteins have been found to interact with the CTs of integrins linking integrins to the cytoskeleton. In this work, we have investigated structure and interactions of CTs of the leukocyte specific integrin αXβ2. We determined the atomic resolution structure of a myristoylated CT of αX in perdeuterated dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) by NMR spectroscopy. Our results reveal that the 35-residue long CT of αX adopts an α-helical conformation for residues F4-N17 at the N-terminal region. The remaining residues located at the C-terminal segment of αX delineate a long loop of irregular conformations. A segment of the loop maintains packing interactions with the helical structure by an extended non-polar surface of the αX CT. Interactions between αX and β2 CTs are demonstrated by (15)N-(1)H HSQC NMR experiments. We find that residues constituting the polar face of the helical conformation of αX are involved in interactions with the N-terminal residues of β2 CT. A docked structure of the CT complex indicates that a network of polar and/or salt-bridge interactions may sustain the heteromeric interactions. The current study provides important insights into the conservation of interactions and structures among different CTs of integrins.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Myristic acid, Sigma Grade, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Myristic acid, ≥98.0% (GC)
Supelco
Myristic acid, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Myristic acid, natural, ≥98.5%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Myristic acid, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Supelco
Myristic acid, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material