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Guanidinato complexes of iridium: ligand-donor strength, O2 reactivity, and (alkene)peroxoiridium(III) intermediates.

Inorganic chemistry (2013-02-21)
Matthew R Kelley, Jan-Uwe Rohde
ABSTRACT

A series of seven [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(cod)] complexes (1a-1g; where R = Me or Et; Ar = Ph, 4-MeC6H4, 4-MeOC6H4, 2,6-Me2C6H3, or 2,6-(i)Pr2C6H3; and cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) were synthesized by two different methods from the neutral guanidines, ArN═C(NR2)NHAr, using either MeLi and [{Ir(cod)}2(μ-Cl)2] or [{Ir(cod)}2(μ-OMe)2]. Reaction of 1a-1g with CO produced the corresponding [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(CO)2] complexes (2a-2g), which were characterized by NMR and solution- and solid-state IR spectroscopy. Complexes 1b (R = Et, Ar = Ph), 1d (R = Et, Ar = 4-MeC6H4), 1f (R = Me, Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3), and 2b (R = Et, Ar = Ph) were characterized by X-ray crystallography as mononuclear complexes with a guanidinato-κ(2)N,N' ligand and a cod or two CO ligands coordinated to the Ir center in a distorted square-planar environment. On the basis of the CO stretching frequencies of 2a-2g [avg. νCO (n-pentane) = 2016-2019 cm(-1)] and the alkene (13)C chemical shifts of 1a-1g [δ((13)CC═C) = 58.7-61.0 ppm], the donor strength of the guanidinato ligands was evaluated and compared to that of related monoanionic ligands. Reaction of 1a-1g in solution with O2 at 20 °C afforded (alkene)peroxoiridium(III) intermediates, [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(cod)(O2)] (3). The steric properties of the supporting ligand play a decisive role in O2 binding in that complexes without ortho substituents react largely irreversibly with O2 (1a-1e; where Ar = Ph, 4-MeC6H4 or 4-MeOC6H4), whereas complexes with ortho substituents exhibit fully reversible O2 binding (1f and 1g; where Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3 or 2,6-(i)Pr2C6H3). Complexes 3a-3f were characterized by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopy (νOO = 857-872 cm(-1)). Decay of the new intermediates and subsequent reaction with cod produced 4-cycloocten-1-one and the respective Ir(I) precursor.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Iridium, powder, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
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Sigma-Aldrich
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Sigma-Aldrich
Iridium, black, powder, −200 mesh, ≥99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
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