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Simultaneous determination of D-aspartic acid and D-glutamic acid in rat tissues and physiological fluids using a multi-loop two-dimensional HPLC procedure.

Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences (2011-03-05)
Hai Han, Yurika Miyoshi, Kyoko Ueno, Chieko Okamura, Yosuke Tojo, Masashi Mita, Wolfgang Lindner, Kiyoshi Zaitsu, Kenji Hamase
ABSTRACT

For a metabolomics study focusing on the analysis of aspartic and glutamic acid enantiomers, a fully automated two-dimensional HPLC system employing a microbore-ODS column and a narrowbore-enantioselective column was developed. By using this system, a detailed distribution of D-Asp and D-Glu besides L-Asp and L-Glu in mammals was elucidated. For the total analysis concept, the amino acids were first pre-column derivatized with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) to be sensitively and fluorometrically detected. For the non-stereoselective separation of the analytes in the first dimension a monolithic ODS column (750 mm × 0.53 mm i.d.) was adopted, and a self-packed narrowbore-Pirkle type enantioselective column (Sumichiral OA-2500S, 250 mm × 1.5 mm i.d.) was selected for the second dimension. In the rat plasma, RSD values for intra-day and inter-day precision were less than 6.8%, and the accuracy ranged between 96.1% and 105.8%. The values of LOQ of D-Asp and D-Glu were 5 fmol/injection (0.625 nmol/g tissue). The present method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of free aspartic acid and glutamic acid enantiomers in 7 brain areas, 11 peripheral tissues, plasma and urine of Wistar rats. Biologically significant D-Asp values were found in various tissue samples whereas for D-Glu the values were very low possibly indicating less significance.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
4-Fluoro-7-nitrobenzofurazan, ≥98% (elemental analysis)
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Fluoro-7-nitrobenzofurazan, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, ≥98.0% (HPLC)

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