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  • Energetics of oxaspirocycle prototypes: 1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane and 1,7,9-trioxadispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane.

Energetics of oxaspirocycle prototypes: 1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane and 1,7,9-trioxadispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane.

The Journal of organic chemistry (2006-11-18)
Abby Jones Weldon, Gregory S Tschumper
ABSTRACT

The relative gas-phase energetics of several low-lying isomers of 1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane and 1,7,9-trioxadispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane have been calculated with second-order Mller-Plesset perturbation theory and basis sets as large as aug-cc-pVQZ. Relative energies in THF, dichloromethane, acetone, and DMSO have been estimated with corrections from polarized continuum model calculations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d) level. In the most stable conformation of 1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane, both rings adopt chair conformations, and both oxygens are axially disposed (2A). It is more than 2 kcal mol(-1) more stable than all the other conformers. In agreement with previous work, the "twist-boat" trans isomer (3A) is the most stable isomer of 1,7,9-trioxadispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane. However, in contrast to this earlier study, an "all-chair" conformation (3B) is found to be the most stable cis isomer of 1,7,9-trioxadispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane (E approximately 0.5 kcal mol(-1) in acetone and DMSO). Gauge-independent atomic orbital computations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d) level indicate that this is the only cis isomer with (13)C NMR chemical shifts that are qualitatively consistent with the experimental spectra.

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1,7-Dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane, ≥97%