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Lead intoxication epidemic caused by ingestion of contaminated ground paprika.

Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology (1996-01-01)
T Kákosy, A Hudák, M Náray
ABSTRACT

Report of a lead intoxication epidemic caused by ingestion of contaminated ground paprika. Retrospective study of case histories. Institutional, toxicological and medical referral center for ambulatory and hospitalized care. One hundred forty-one adults consumed paprika contaminated with lead tetroxide (red lead). Intravenous calcium disodium versenate (edetic acid). Measurement of zinc protoporphyrin:heme ratio of whole blood and the blood lead level. EDTA mobilization test. Fifty-three patients had symptoms and signs of lead poisoning. The most common clinical signs were colic and/or anemia. Twenty-six persons showed increased lead absorption without clinical symptoms and signs. Chelation therapy with calcium disodium versenate resulted in complete clinical recovery. Lead-contaminated ground paprika, not previously described as a cause of alimentary lead intoxication, may cause symptomatic poisoning.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lead oxide, red powder, 1-2 μm, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II,IV) oxide, ≥96%