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Late-onset form of beta-electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency.

Molecular genetics and metabolism (2003-04-23)
A Curcoy, R K J Olsen, A Ribes, V Trenchs, M A Vilaseca, J Campistol, J H Osorio, B S Andresen, N Gregersen
ABSTRACT

Multiple acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) or glutaric aciduria type II (GAII) are a group of metabolic disorders due to deficiency of either electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) or electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF-QO). We report the clinical features and biochemical and molecular genetic analyses of a patient with a mild late-onset form of GAII due to beta-ETF deficiency. Biochemical data showed an abnormal urine organic acid profile, low levels of free carnitine, increased levels of C(10:1n-6), and C(14:1n-9) in plasma, and decreased oxidation of [9,10-3H]palmitate and [9,10-3H]myristate in fibroblasts, suggesting MAD deficiency. In agreement with these findings, mutational analysis of the ETF/ETFDH genes demonstrated an ETFB missense mutation 124T>C in exon 2 leading to replacement of cysteine-42 with arginine (C42R), and a 604_606AAG deletion in exon 6 in the ETFB gene resulting in the deletion of lysine-202 (K202del). The present report delineates further the phenotype of mild beta-ETF deficiency and illustrates that the differential diagnosis of GAII is readily achieved by mutational analysis.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sebacic acid, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sebacic acid, ≥95.0% (GC)