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Everolimus: side effect profile and management of toxicities in breast cancer.

Breast cancer research and treatment (2013-08-03)
Elisavet Paplomata, Amelia Zelnak, Ruth O'Regan
ABSTRACT

Everolimus is an orally available inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which has been approved in combination with exemestane for hormone receptor-positive (HR) breast cancer after failure of treatment with non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors. Everolimus is generally very well tolerated with most common side effects including stomatitis, rash, fatigue, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and myelosuppression. Most of these side effects are mild and resolve with dose interruptions or dose reductions. Symptomatic non-infectious pneumonitis is a relatively uncommon class effect of mTOR inhibitors, which can be life threatening. Given the efficacy of everolimus in HR-positive metastatic breast cancer, it is crucial for physicians to recognize toxicities related to everolimus and start timely interventions. This review will focus on the adverse events reported with everolimus in breast cancer trials and will provide practical guidelines for the management of these adverse events.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Everolimus solution, 1.0 mg/mL in acetonitrile, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®