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Modeling the retention mechanism for high-performance liquid chromatography with a chiral ligand mobile phase and enantioseparation of mandelic acid derivatives.

Journal of separation science (2015-04-14)
Shengqiang Tong, Mangmang Shen, Hu Zhang, Dongping Cheng, Jizhong Yan
ABSTRACT

The chromatographic retention mechanism describing relationship between retention factor and concentration of Cu(2+) (l-phenylalanine)2 using chiral ligand mobile phase was investigated and eight mandelic acid derivatives were enantioseparated by chiral ligand exchange chromatography. The relationship between retention factor and concentration of the Cu(2+) (l-phenylalanine)2 complex was proven to be in conformity with chromatographic retention mechanism in which chiral discrimination occurred both in mobile and stationary phase. Different copper(II) salts, chiral ligands, organic modifier, pH of aqueous phase, and conventional temperature on retention behavior were optimized. Eight racemates were successfully enantioseparated on a common reversed-phase column with an optimized mobile phase composed of 6 mmol/L of l-phenylalanine or N,N-dimethyl-l-phenylalanine and 3 mmol/Lof copper(II) acetate or copper(II) sulfate aqueous solution and methanol.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
4-Methoxymandelic acid, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Chloromandelic acid, 98%