Halogenated Carboxonium Salts: Preparation and Structural Analysis.

Inorganic chemistry (2001-10-24)
Rolf Minkwitz, Stefan Reinemann, Oliver Blecher, Hans Hartl, Irene Brüdgam
ABSTRACT

We have studied the preparation and isolation of the halogenated alkylidene oxonium salts CH(3)OCHX(+)MF(6)(-) (X = Cl, F; M = As, Sb). Addition of dichloromethylmethylether at -78 degrees C to the superacidic media HF/MF(5) resulted in the formation of the chlorine compounds CH(3)OCHCl(+)MF(6)(-), whereas at -65 degrees C the fluorinated salts CH(3)OCHF(+)MF(6)(-) are formed by a chlorine/fluorine exchange. The salts are characterized by their low-temperature IR and Raman spectra. Additionally, the crystal structures of the hexafluoroantimonates are presented. The structures of the cations turned out to be different in some points. The salt CH(3)OCHF(+)SbF(6)(-) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with 4 molecules in the unit cell and a = 9.942(2), b = 7.454(2), and c = 10.297(3) Å; beta = 111.27(2) degrees. The salt CH(3)OCHCl(+)SbF(6)(-) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with 4 formula in the unit cell and a = 5.970(3), b = 12.019(5), and c = 10.994(5) Å; beta = 92.59(3) degrees.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Fluoroantimonic acid, purified by triple-distillation
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluoroantimonic acid hexahydrate
Sigma-Aldrich
Antimony(V) fluoride, 99%

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