Efficient Infrared-to-Visible Upconversion with Subsolar Irradiance.

Nano letters (2016-11-01)
Melika Mahboub, Zhiyuan Huang, Ming Lee Tang

Third generation photovoltaics are inexpensive modules that promise power conversion efficiencies exceeding the thermodynamic Shockley-Queisser limit, perhaps by using up- or down-converters, intermediate band solar cells, tandem cells, hot carrier devices, or multiexciton generation. Here, we report the efficient upconversion of infrared to visible light at excitation densities below the solar flux. Colloidally synthesized core-shell lead sulfide-cadmium sulfide nanocrystals in combination with tetracene derivatives absorb near-infrared light and emit visible light at 560 nm with an upconversion quantum yield (QY) of 8.4 ± 1.0%, which is a factor of 4 lower than the maximum upconversion QY possible. This is achieved with 808 nm cw excitation at 3.2 mW/cm

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Cadmium acetate hydrate, ≥99.99% trace metals basis