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Niobium pentoxide phosphate invert glass as a mineralizing agent in an experimental orthodontic adhesive.

The Angle orthodontist (2017-07-08)
Alinne Segatto Pires Altmann, Fabricio Mezzomo Collares, Gabriela de Souza Balbinot, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Antonio Shigueaki Takimi, Susana Maria Werner Samuel
ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop an experimental orthodontic adhesive and evaluate how adding phosphate invert glass containing niobium pentoxide (PIG-Nb) affected the adhesive's properties. PIG-Nb was added at 1, 2.5, and 5 wt% to experimental adhesive (75 wt% bisphenol A methacrylate [BisGMA], 25 wt% triethylene glycol dimethacrylate [TEGDMA], 5 wt% colloidal silica and photoinitiator system). The adhesives were evaluated for mineral deposition, degree of conversion (DC), softening solvent by Knoop microhardness (KNH) variation, pH changes, and shear bond strength (SBS). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (DC and ΔKHN%), two-way ANOVA (SBS), repeated measures ANOVA (pH), and paired test (KNH1 and KNH2) were used at a significance level of P < .05. Adding PIG-Nb to orthodontic adhesives induced deposition on its surface associated with a constant neutral pH. The SBS increased after immersion in artificial saliva, and the PIG-Nb5 exhibited less softening. The addition of PIG-Nb into orthodontic adhesives induced mineral deposition. Experimental orthodontic adhesive containing 5% wt of PIG-Nb exhibited increased mineral deposition and suitable properties for orthodontic applications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate, ≥98%