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D9170

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

PCR Reagent

Sinónimos:
DMSO
Fórmula lineal:
(CH3)2SO
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

grade

PCR Reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

shelf life

Recommended retest period - 2 years

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

packaging

vial of 1 mL

application(s)

PCR: suitable

impurities

≤0.1% water
water

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: miscible (completely)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

suitability

suitable for PCR

Featured Industry

Agriculture

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide is a free radical scavenger and a cryopreservant. It elicits protective effect in double stranded breaks(DSBs). Dimethyl sulfoxide (1-10%) has been shown to accelerate strand renaturation and is believed to give the nucleic acid thermal stability against depurination. As a PCR cosolvent, DMSO may help improve yields, especially in long PCR.

Application

Dimethyl sulfoxide has been used as a component of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mixture and as PCR facilitator.

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

87 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

  1. What is the molarity of DMSO?

    DMSO will have a molarity of 14.1M, based on a density of 1.1 g/mL and a molecular weight of 78.13 g/mol.

  2. What is the DMSO dissolved in?

    DMSO is not dissolved in any solvent. It is a pure chemical compound that is a liquid at room temperature.

  3. Where does DMSO come from?

    DMSO is known to have been isolated from tree bark in the past. It is now a commericially synthesized solvent.

  4. Does DMSO have any synthetic utility?

    DMSO has been used to oxidize thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids, hydrolysis of epoxides, thioalkylation of phenols, and oxidation of primary alcohols and halides, and esters of primary alcohols to aldehydes.

  5. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  6. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) should be a liquid.  Why did it arrive as a solid?

    DMSO supercools easily, and re-melts slowly at room temperature. The melting point is 16-19 °C. The solidified product can be re-liquefied by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

  7. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  8. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  9. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Microtitre Plate Based Cell-SELEX Method
Shorie M and Kaur H
Bio-protocol, 8(20) (2018)
A single-molecule assessment of the protective effect of DMSO against DNA double-strand breaks induced by photo-and gamma-ray-irradiation, and freezing
Noda M, et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 8557-8557 (2017)
Development of PCR-Based Technique for Detection of Purity of Pashmina Fiber from Textile Materials
Ravikumar et al.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 175(1), 3856-3862 (2015)
IRAP and REMAP for retrotransposon-based genotyping and fingerprinting
Kalendar R and Schulman AH
Nature Protocols, 1(5), 2478-2478 (2006)
Polymerase chain reaction: basic protocol plus troubleshooting and optimization strategies
Lorenz, Todd C
Journal of Visualized Experiments, (63) (2012)

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