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Improved plant regeneration from cultured leaf segments in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) by limited exposure to thidiazuron.

Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology (2000-08-11)
Akasaka, Daimon, Mii
ABSTRACT

Bud primordia were induced from leaf segments, which were harvested from young seedlings of Spanish type peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Chico), on 0.8% agar-solidified medium containing Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal salts supplemented with B5 vitamins, 1 mg/l NAA and various cytokinins such as benzyladenine (BA), isopentenyladenine (2ip), kinetin (KIN), chloropyridylphenylurea (4PU), thidiazuron (TDZ), zeatin (ZTN) in different concentrations. Among the cytokinins tested, TDZ was found to be the most efficient for inducing bud primordia. However, continuous culture on TDZ-containing media induced abnormal development of these primordia, and they failed to grow into plantlets. Histological observations revealed that the malformation most often obtained was a shoot-like structure which lacked shoot apical meristem (SAM) and had disorganized vascular bundles. For normal shoot regeneration, it was necessary to limit the culture period of the explants on TDZ-containing medium to 7 days at 10 mg/l or 21 days at 1 mg/l and then transfer them onto plant growth regulator-free medium. The percentage of conversion from shoot buds to shoots was 34.7%. When shoots were removed from the explants and transferred onto basal medium containing 1 mg/l NAA, all regenerated shoots readily rooted and successfully acclimatized. All of the acclimatized plants produced viable seeds in the greenhouse condition.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Murashige and Skoog Shoot Multiplication Medium A, powder, suitable for plant cell culture