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  • Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice with PE38KDEL type I mutant-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles conjugated with humanized SM5-1 F(ab') fragments.

Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice with PE38KDEL type I mutant-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles conjugated with humanized SM5-1 F(ab') fragments.

Molecular cancer therapeutics (2008-10-15)
Jie Gao, Geng Kou, Huaiwen Chen, Hao Wang, Bohua Li, Ying Lu, Dapeng Zhang, Shuhui Wang, Sheng Hou, Weizhu Qian, Jianxin Dai, Jian Zhao, Yanqiang Zhong, Yajun Guo
ABSTRACT

We reported previously the development of SMFv-PE38KDEL type I mutant (PE38KDEL-I; Mut-I), a recombinant immunotoxin in which a single-chain antibody derived from mouse SM5-1 monoclonal antibody is genetically fused to PE38KDEL-I. In comparison with the SMFv-PE38KDEL wild-type, Mut-I showed improved therapeutic efficacy and reduced toxicity. To overcome the problems associated with the immune response to the Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) component of Mut-I, we have constructed PE38KDEL-I-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles conjugated with F(ab') fragments of a humanized SM5-1 monoclonal antibody (PE-NP-S). PE-NP-S specifically bound to SM5-1 binding protein-expressing hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines and was then internalized by these cells, resulting in significant cytotoxic effect. In SM5-1 binding protein-overexpressing tumor xenograft model, administration of PE-NP-S significantly inhibited tumor development and induced tumor regression. Moreover, PE-NP-S was shown to be much weaker in inducing vascular leakage syndrome in mice than Mut-I. The LD(50) of PE-NP-S was about 4-fold higher than that of Mut-I. Remarkably, PE-NP-S was of low immunogenicity in development of anti-PE neutralizing antibodies in vivo and was less susceptible to inactivation by anti-PE neutralizing antibodies compared with Mut-I. In conclusion, the resultant PE-NP-S possessed increased cancer therapeutic efficacy and had reduced nonspecific toxicity and immunogenicity, suggesting that it is a potential candidate in cancer therapy.

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Anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exotoxin A antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone EXO-68, purified from hybridoma cell culture