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Simulation of the effect of remediation on EDB and 1,2-DCA plumes at sites contaminated by leaded gasoline.

Journal of contaminant hydrology (2009-06-19)
James K Henderson, Ronald W Falta, David L Freedman
ABSTRACT

An analytical model is used to simulate the effects of partial source removal and plume remediation on ethylene dibromide (EDB) and 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) plumes at contaminated underground storage tank (UST) sites. The risk posed by EDB, 1,2-DCA, and commingled gasoline hydrocarbons varies throughout the plume over time. Dissolution from the light nonaqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) determines the concentration of each contaminant near the source, but biological decay in the plume has a greater influence as distance downgradient from the source increases. For this reason, compounds that exceed regulatory standards near the source may not in downgradient plume zones. At UST sites, partial removal of a residual LNAPL source mass may serve as a stand alone remedial technique if dissolved concentrations in the source zone are within several orders of magnitude of the applicable government or remedial standards. This may be the case with 1,2-DCA; however, EDB is likely to be found at concentrations that are orders of magnitude higher than its low Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of 0.05 microg/L (micrograms per liter). For sites with significant EDB contamination, even when plume remediation is combined with source depletion, significant timeframes may be required to mitigate the impact of this compound. Benzene and MTBE are commonly the focus of remedial efforts at UST sites, but simulations presented here suggest that EDB, and to a lesser extent 1,2-DCA, could be the critical contaminants to consider in the remediation design process at many sites.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dibromoethane, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dibromoethane, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
1,2-Dibromoethane, purum, ≥98.0% (GC)
Supelco
1,2-Dibromoethane, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Supelco
1,2-Dibromoethane solution, certified reference material, 200 μg/mL in methanol