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Sensory threshold of 1,1,6-trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) and concentrations in young Riesling and non-Riesling wines.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2012-03-09)
Gavin L Sacks, Matthew J Gates, Francois X Ferry, Edward H Lavin, Anne J Kurtz, Terry E Acree
ABSTRACT

1,1,6-Trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) is well-known to contribute "petrol" aromas to aged Riesling wines, but its prevalence and contribution to young Riesling or non-Riesling wines is not well understood. TDN concentrations were measured in 1-3-year-old varietal wines produced from Cabernet franc (n = 14 wines), Chardonnay (17), Cabernet Sauvignon (4), Gewurztraminer (4), Merlot (9), Pinot gris (6), Pinot noir (9), Riesling (28), or Sauvignon blanc (6). TDN concentrations in the Riesling wines, 6.4 ± 3.8 μg/L, were significantly higher than in all other varietals, 1.3 ± 0.8 μg/L. The odor detection thresholds for TDN were then determined in both model wine and a neutral white wine. Group sensory thresholds were found to be the same in both matrices, 2 μg/L, indicating little masking of TDN due to the odorants in the neutral white. The TDN sensory threshold was a factor of 10 below the previously reported odor threshold. On the basis of this revised threshold, 27 of 28 Riesling wines had suprathreshold TDN, whereas only 7 of 69 non-Riesling wines had suprathreshold TDN. The monoterpenes linalool and geraniol were also measured in the Riesling wines, and odor activity values (OAVs) were calculated for the monoterpenes and TDN. The OAV for TDN was higher than for the monoterpenes in 25 of 28 Riesling wines.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, natural, ≥97%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Supelco
Geraniol, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, ≥97%, FCC, FG