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A homogeneous transition metal complex for clean hydrogen production from methanol-water mixtures.

Nature chemistry (2013-03-21)
Rafael E Rodríguez-Lugo, Mónica Trincado, Matthias Vogt, Friederike Tewes, Gustavo Santiso-Quinones, Hansjörg Grützmacher
ABSTRACT

The development of an efficient catalytic process that mimics the enzymatic function of alcohol dehydrogenase is critical for using biomass alcohols for both the production of H2 as a chemical energy carrier and fine chemicals under waste-free conditions. Dehydrogenation of alcohol-water mixtures into their corresponding acids with molecular hydrogen as the sole by-product from the reaction can be catalysed by a ruthenium complex with a chelating bis(olefin) diazadiene ligand. This complex, [K(dme)2][Ru(H)(trop2dad)], stores up to two equivalents of hydrogen intramolecularly, and catalyses the production of H2 from alcohols in the presence of water and a base under homogeneous conditions. The conversion of a MeOH-H2O mixture proceeds selectively to CO2/H2 gas formation under neutral conditions, thereby allowing the use of the entire hydrogen content (12% by weight). Isolation and characterization of the ruthenium complexes from these reactions suggested a mechanistic scenario in which the trop2dad ligand behaves as a chemically 'non-innocent' co-operative ligand.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ruthenium, powder, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Ruthenium, powder, −200 mesh, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Ruthenium black
Sigma-Aldrich
Ruthenium, sponge, −100 mesh, 99.9% trace metals basis

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