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Double stimulations during the follicular and luteal phases of poor responders in IVF/ICSI programmes (Shanghai protocol).

Reproductive biomedicine online (2014-12-03)
Yanping Kuang, Qiuju Chen, Qingqing Hong, Qifeng Lyu, Ai Ai, Yonglun Fu, Zeev Shoham
ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that existing antral follicles in the luteal phase enable ovarian stimulation. In a pilot study, the efficacy of double stimulations during the follicular and luteal phases in women with poor ovarian response was explored (defined according to the Bologna criteria). Thirty-eight women began with mild ovarian stimulation. After the first oocyte retrieval, human menopausal gonadotrophin and letrozole were administrated to stimulate follicle development, and oocyte retrieval was carried out a second time when dominant follicles had matured. The primary outcome measured was the number of oocytes retrieved: stage one 1.7 ± 1.0; stage two 3.5 ± 3.2. From the double stimulation, 167 oocytes were collected and 26 out of 38 (68.4%) succeeded in producing one to six viable embryos cryopreserved for later transfer. Twenty-one women underwent 23 cryopreserved embryo transfers, resulting in 13 clinical pregnancies. The study shows that double ovarian stimulations in the same menstrual cycle provide more opportunities for retrieving oocytes in poor responders. The stimulation can start in the luteal phase resulting in retrieval of more oocytes in a short period of time. This offers new hope for women with poor ovarian response and newly diagnosed cancer patients needing fertility preservation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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