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Oxyfunctionalization of pyridine derivatives using whole cells of Burkholderia sp. MAK1.

Scientific reports (2016-12-17)
Jonita Stankevičiūtė, Justas Vaitekūnas, Vytautas Petkevičius, Renata Gasparavičiūtė, Daiva Tauraitė, Rolandas Meškys
ABSTRACT

Pyridinols and pyridinamines are important intermediates with many applications in chemical industry. The pyridine derivatives are in great demand as synthons for pharmaceutical products. Moreover, pyridines are used either as biologically active substances or as building blocks for polymers with unique physical properties. Application of enzymes or whole cells is an attractive strategy for preparation of hydroxylated pyridines since the methods for chemical synthesis of pyridinols, particularly aminopyridinols, are usually limited or inefficient. Burkholderia sp. MAK1 (DSM102049), capable of using pyridin-2-ol as the sole carbon and energy source, was isolated from soil. Whole cells of Burkholderia sp. MAK1 were confirmed to possess a good ability to convert different pyridin-2-amines and pyridin-2-ones into their 5-hydroxy derivatives. Moreover, several methylpyridines as well as methylated pyrazines were converted to appropriate N-oxides. In conclusion, regioselective oxyfunctionalization of pyridine derivatives using whole cells of Burkholderia sp. MAK1 is a promising method for the preparation of various pyridin-5-ols and pyridin-N-oxides.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2-Chloropyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Pyridine N-oxide, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Pyridinol 1-oxide, ≥98.0% (N)
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Pyridinecarbonitrile, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-5-methylpyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,6-Pyridinedicarbonitrile, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Ethylpyridine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-4-methylpyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
5H-5-Methyl-6,7-dihydrocyclopenta[b]pyrazine, ≥97%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
N-Methyl-2-pyridone, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Dihydroxypyridine, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3,5-Collidine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-4-chloropyrimidine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Lutidine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,4-Dihydroxypyridine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
5-Hydroxy-2-methylpyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,5-Lutidine, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Hydroxy-6-methylpyridine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Isocytosine, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-4,6-dimethylpyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-3-nitropyridine, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Cyclopentenopyridine, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Methoxy-2(1H)-pyridone, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Amino-6-fluoropyridine, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-amino-6-hydroxypyridine, AldrichCPR
Sigma-Aldrich
6-Methoxy-pyridin-2-ylamine, AldrichCPR
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Bromo-2-hydroxypyridine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Methyl-2-pyridinecarbonitrile, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Methylpicolinonitrile, 98%

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