In this work, phenylboronic acid (PBA) was thoroughly investigated as a synthetic ligand for the purification of an immunoglobulin G (IgG) from a clarified cell supernatant from Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell cultures. In particular, the study was focused on the development of a washing step and in the optimization of the elution step using a serum containing supernatant. From the different conditions tested, best recoveries - 99% - and purifications - protein purity of 81% and a purification factor of 16 out of a maximum of 20 - were achieved using 100mM d-sorbitol in 10mM Tris-HCl as washing buffer and 0.5M d-sorbitol with 150mM NaCl in 10mM Tris-HCl as elution buffer. The purification outcome was also compared with protein A chromatography that revealed a recovery of 99%, 87% protein purity and 29 out of a maximum of 33 purification factor. Following the main purification, purified IgG was characterized in terms of isoelectric point, size and activity. In the end, a proof of concept was performed using two different mAbs from serum-free CHO cell cultures.
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