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  • Review of collagen I hydrogels for bioengineered tissue microenvironments: characterization of mechanics, structure, and transport.

Review of collagen I hydrogels for bioengineered tissue microenvironments: characterization of mechanics, structure, and transport.

Tissue engineering. Part B, Reviews (2014-06-14)
Elizabeth E Antoine, Pavlos P Vlachos, Marissa Nichole Rylander
ABSTRACT

Type I collagen hydrogels have been used successfully as three-dimensional substrates for cell culture and have shown promise as scaffolds for engineered tissues and tumors. A critical step in the development of collagen hydrogels as viable tissue mimics is quantitative characterization of hydrogel properties and their correlation with fabrication parameters, which enables hydrogels to be tuned to match specific tissues or fulfill engineering requirements. A significant body of work has been devoted to characterization of collagen I hydrogels; however, due to the breadth of materials and techniques used for characterization, published data are often disjoint and hence their utility to the community is reduced. This review aims to determine the parameter space covered by existing data and identify key gaps in the literature so that future characterization and use of collagen I hydrogels for research can be most efficiently conducted. This review is divided into three sections: (1) relevant fabrication parameters are introduced and several of the most popular methods of controlling and regulating them are described, (2) hydrogel properties most relevant for tissue engineering are presented and discussed along with their characterization techniques, (3) the state of collagen I hydrogel characterization is recapitulated and future directions are proposed. Ultimately, this review can serve as a resource for selection of fabrication parameters and material characterization methodologies in order to increase the usefulness of future collagen-hydrogel-based characterization studies and tissue engineering experiments.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ovine collagen, 3 mg/ml solution, low endotoxin
Sigma-Aldrich
Ovine collagen, maleimide functionalized, low endotoxin
Sigma-Aldrich
Ovine collagen, SPDP functionalized, low endotoxin
Sigma-Aldrich
Ovine collagen, lyophilized, low endotoxin
Sigma-Aldrich
Ovine collagen, methacrylate functionalized, low endotoxin