Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are used for the optical analysis of casein kinase (CK2) or the hydrolytic activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Two schemes for the analysis of CK2 by a FRET-based mechanism are described. One approach involves the CK2-catalyzed phosphorylation of a serine-containing peptide (1), linked to CdSe/ZnS QDs, with Atto-590-functionalized ATP. The second analytical method involves the specific association of the Atto-590-functionalized antibody to the phosphorylated product. The hydrolytic activity of ALP is followed by the application of phosphotyrosine (4)-modified CdSe/ZnS QDs in the presence of tyrosinase as a secondary reporter biocatalyst. The hydrolysis of (4) yields the tyrosine units that are oxidized by O(2)/tyrosinase to the respective dopaquinone product. The latter quinone units quench the QDs via an electron transfer route, leading to the optical detection of the ALP activity.
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