A simple and efficient procedure has been developed for the derivatization of diuretic agents in human urine by direct extractive alkylation and their detection by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The procedure is an improvement over previous extractive alkylation methods because of the development of a simple clean-up step using a macroreticular acrylic copolymer (SM-7 resin) to remove the coextracted phase-transfer reagent from the organic phase after derivatization. With 1 ml of sample the method gives detection limits in the range 10-50 ng/ml for acetazolamide, probenecid, dichlorphenamide, hydroflumethiazide, furosemide, chlorthalidone, bumetanide, hydrochlorothiazide, quinethazone, bendroflumethiazide, metolazone and cyclopenthiazide.
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