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  • The quantitative impact of the mesopore size on the mass transfer mechanism of the new 1.9μm fully porous Titan-C18 particles. I: analysis of small molecules.

The quantitative impact of the mesopore size on the mass transfer mechanism of the new 1.9μm fully porous Titan-C18 particles. I: analysis of small molecules.

Journal of chromatography. A (2015-02-11)
Fabrice Gritti, Georges Guiochon
ABSTRACT

Previous data have shown that could deliver a minimum reduced plate height as small as 1.7. Additionally, the reduction of the mesopore size after C18 derivatization and the subsequent restriction for sample diffusivity across the Titan-C18 particles were found responsible for the unusually small value of the experimental optimum reduced velocity (5 versus 10 for conventional particles) and for the large values of the average reduced solid-liquid mass transfer resistance coefficients (0.032 versus 0.016) measured for a series of seven n-alkanophenones. The improvements in column efficiency made by increasing the average mesopore size of the Titan silica from 80 to 120Å are investigated from a quantitative viewpoint based on the accurate measurements of the reduced coefficients (longitudinal diffusion, trans-particle mass transfer resistance, and eddy diffusion) and of the intra-particle diffusivity, pore, and surface diffusion for the same series of n-alkanophenone compounds. The experimental results reveal an increase (from 0% to 30%) of the longitudinal diffusion coefficients for the same sample concentration distribution (from 0.25 to 4) between the particle volume and the external volume of the column, a 40% increase of the intra-particle diffusivity for the same sample distribution (from 1 to 7) between the particle skeleton volume and the bulk phase, and a 15-30% decrease of the solid-liquid mass transfer coefficient for the n-alkanophenone compounds. Pore and surface diffusion are increased by 60% and 20%, respectively. The eddy dispersion term and the maximum column efficiency (295000plates/m) remain virtually unchanged. The rate of increase of the total plate height with increasing the chromatographic speed is reduced by 20% and it is mostly controlled (75% and 70% for 80 and 120Å pore size) by the flow rate dependence of the eddy dispersion term.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Thiourea, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
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Acetophenone, ReagentPlus®, 99%
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Thiourea, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.0%
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Valerophenone, 99%
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Acetophenone, ≥98%, FG
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Acetophenone, puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)
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Acetophenone, natural, 98%, FG
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Octanophenone, ≥99%
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β-D-Allose, rare aldohexose sugar
Supelco
Acetophenone, certified reference material, TraceCERT®
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 2 cm × 2.1 mm
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 3 cm × 2.1 mm
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Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 5 cm × 2.1 mm
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Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 7.5 cm × 2.1 mm
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Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 10 cm × 2.1 mm
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 3 cm × 3 mm
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 5 cm × 3 mm
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 10 cm × 3 mm
Supelco
Titan C18 UHPLC Column, 1.9 micron, 1.9 μm particle size, L × I.D. 15 cm × 2.1 mm

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