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Synthesis and functional characterization of a fluorescent peptide probe for non invasive imaging of collagen in live tissues.

Experimental cell research (2014-06-08)
Ushasri Chilakamarthi, Jaipal Kandhadi, Srinivas Gunda, Avinash Raj Thatipalli, Mahesh Kumar Jerald, Giribabu Lingamallu, Rakesh C Reddy, Arabinda Chaudhuri, Gopal Pande
ABSTRACT

Targeted molecular imaging to detect changes in the structural and functional organization of tissues, at the molecular level, is a promising approach for effective and early diagnosis of diseases. Quantitative and qualitative changes in type I collagen, which is a major component in the extra cellular matrix (ECM) of skin and other vital organs like lung, liver, heart and kidneys, are often associated with the pathophysiology of these organs. We have synthesized a fluorescent probe that comprises collagelin, a specific collagen binding peptide, coupled to fluorescent porphyrin that can effectively detect abnormal deposition of collagen in live tissues by emitting fluorescence in the near infra red (NIR) region. In this report we have presented the methodology for coupling of 5-(4-carboxy phenyl)-10, 15, 20-triphenyl porphyrin (C-TPP) to the N-terminal of collagelin or to another mutant peptide (used as a control). We have evaluated the efficacy of these fluorescent peptides to detect collagen deposition in live normal and abnormal tissues. Our results strongly suggest that porphyrin-tagged collagelin can be used as an effective probe for the non invasive in vivo detection of tissue fibrosis, especially in the liver.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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Pyrrole, ≥98%, FCC, FG
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