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  • Inactivation of Retinoblastoma Protein (Rb1) in the Oocyte: Evidence That Dysregulated Follicle Growth Drives Ovarian Teratoma Formation in Mice.

Inactivation of Retinoblastoma Protein (Rb1) in the Oocyte: Evidence That Dysregulated Follicle Growth Drives Ovarian Teratoma Formation in Mice.

PLoS genetics (2015-07-16)
Qi-En Yang, So I Nagaoka, Ivy Gwost, Patricia A Hunt, Jon M Oatley
ABSTRACT

The origin of most ovarian tumors is undefined. Here, we report development of a novel mouse model in which conditional inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene Rb1 in oocytes leads to the formation of ovarian teratomas (OTs). While parthenogenetically activated ooctyes are a known source of OT in some mutant mouse models, enhanced parthenogenetic propensity in vitro was not observed for Rb1-deficient oocytes. Further analyses revealed that follicle recruitment and growth is disrupted in ovaries of mice with conditional inactivation of Rb1, leading to abnormal accumulation of secondary/preantral follicles. These findings underpin the concept that miscues between the germ cell and somatic compartments cause premature oocyte activation and the formation of OTs. Furthermore, these results suggest that defects in folliculogenesis and a permissive genetic background are sufficient to drive OT development, even in the absence of enhanced parthenogenetic activation. Thus, we have discovered a novel role of Rb1 in regulating the entry of primordial oocytes into the pool of growing follicles and signaling between the oocyte and granulosa cells during the protracted process of oocyte growth. Our findings, coupled with data from studies of other OT models, suggest that defects in the coordinated regulation between growth of the oocyte and somatic components in follicles are an underlying cause of OT formation.

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