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Curcumin ameliorates nephrosclerosis via suppression of histone acetylation independent of hypertension.

Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association (2016-05-18)
Kumiko Muta, Yoko Obata, Satoru Oka, Shinichi Abe, Kana Minami, Mineaki Kitamura, Daisuke Endo, Takehiko Koji, Tomoya Nishino

Although histone acetylation, an epigenetic modification, has been reported to be related to the progression of various diseases, its involvement in nephrosclerosis is unclear. Dahl salt-sensitive rats were used as a model of nephrosclerosis in this study. The rats were divided into three groups: (i) normal-salt diet group, (ii) high-salt diet group (HS), and (iii) HS administered daily with curcumin, a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor (HS+C). At 6 weeks after the treatment, the kidneys were dissected. Morphologic changes were assessed by Masson's trichrome staining. The number of macrophages, fibroblasts and the cells expressing acetylated histone H3 at Lys 9 (H3K9) were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Although both HS and HS+C rats revealed a marked increase in systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine was increased only in HS rats at 6 weeks. In the HS rats, nephrosclerosis was induced, accompanying a significant accumulation of macrophages and fibroblasts. The inflammation and fibrosis was markedly suppressed in the HS+C group. The level of histone acetylation at Lys 9 was enhanced in the HS rats, whereas curcumin administration suppressed the histone acetylation. Moreover, in the HS rats, interleukin-6 gene expression was associated with acetylated H3K9, as revealed by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Our results suggested that curcumin ameliorates nephrosclerosis via suppression of histone acetylation, independently of hypertension.

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Proteinase K from Tritirachium album, lyophilized powder, BioUltra, ≥30 units/mg protein, for molecular biology
Anti-Calbindin-D-28K (EG-20) antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution
Triton X-100, BioXtra