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Organic-inorganic hybrid silica monolith based immobilized titanium ion affinity chromatography column for analysis of mitochondrial phosphoproteome.

Journal of proteome research (2010-06-24)
Chunyan Hou, Junfeng Ma, Dingyin Tao, Yichu Shan, Zhen Liang, Lihua Zhang, Yukui Zhang
ABSTRACT

A novel kind of immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) column based on organic-inorganic hybrid silica monolith has been developed. The monolithic support was prepared in a 250 microm i.d. capillary by the sol-gel method with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) as precursors. Subsequently, amine groups were functionalized by glutaraldehyde, and then activated with (aminomethyl) phosphonic acid, followed by Ti(4+) chelation. By such a hybrid silica monolithic Ti(4+)-IMAC column, 15 phosphopeptides were effectively isolated from the digest mixture of alpha-casein and BSA with the molar ratio as low as 1:200, illustrating its superior selectivity. With a synthetic phosphorylated peptide, YKVPQLEIVPNSpAEER, as the sample, the loading capacity and recovery of the Ti(4+)-IMAC monolithic column were measured to be 1.4 micromol/mL and 69%, respectively. Such an IMAC monolithic column was further applied to enrich phosphopeptides from rat liver mitochondria. In total, 224 unique phosphopeptides, corresponding to 148 phosphoprotein groups, were identified by duplicate nanoRPLC-LTQ MS/MS/MS runs with a false-positive rate of less than 1% at the peptide level. These results demonstrate that the hybrid silica monolith based Ti(4+)-IMAC column might provide a promising tool for large-scale phosphopeptide enrichment, facilitating the in-depth understanding of the biological functions of phosphoproteomes.

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Sigma-Aldrich
(Aminomethyl)phosphonic acid, 99%