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  • The effects of humanin and its analogues on male germ cell apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic drugs.

The effects of humanin and its analogues on male germ cell apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic drugs.

Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death (2015-02-11)
Yue Jia, Aikoui Ohanyan, Yan-He Lue, Ronald S Swerdloff, Peter Y Liu, Pinchas Cohen, Christina Wang
ABSTRACT

Human (HN) prevents stress-induced apoptosis in many cells/tissues. In this study we showed that HN ameliorated chemotherapy [cyclophosphamide (CP) and Doxorubicin (DOX)]-induced male germ cell apoptosis both ex vivo in seminiferous tubule cultures and in vivo in the testis. HN acts by several putative mechanisms via binding to: an IL-12 like trimeric membrane receptor; BAX; or insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3, a proapoptotic factor). To understand the mechanisms of HN on male germ cell apoptosis, we studied five HN analogues including: HNG (HN-S14G, a potent agonist), HNG-F6A (no binding to IGFBP-3), HN-S7A (no self-dimerization), HN-C8P (no binding to BAX), and HN-L12A (a HN antagonist) on CP-induced male germ cell apoptosis in mice. CP-induced germ cell apoptosis was inhibited by HN, HNG, HNG-F6A, HN-S7A, and HN-C8P (less effective); but not by HN-L12A. HN-L12A, but not HN-S7A or HN-C8P, blocked the protective effect of HN against CP-induced male germ cell apoptosis. HN, HN-S7A, and HN-C8P restored CP-suppressed STAT3 phosphorylation. These results suggest that HN: (1) decreases DOX (ex vivo) and CP (in vivo) induced male germ cell apoptosis; (2) action is mediated by the membrane receptor/STAT3 with minor contribution by BAX-binding pathway; (3) self-dimerization or binding to IGFBP-3 may not be involved in HN's effect in testis. HN is an important molecule in the regulation of germ cell homeostasis after injury and agonistic analogues may be developed for treating male infertility or protection against chemotherapy side effects.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Doxorubicin hydrochloride, suitable for fluorescence, 98.0-102.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Doxorubicin hydrochloride, 98.0-102.0% (HPLC)
Doxorubicin hydrochloride, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
USP
Doxorubicin hydrochloride, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Cyclophosphamide monohydrate, ISOPAC®
Sigma-Aldrich
Cyclophosphamide monohydrate, bulk package
Supelco
Cyclophosphamide monohydrate, analytical standard