M5625

Sigma-Aldrich

Menadione

crystalline

Synonym(s):
Vitamin K3, 2-Methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C11H8O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
172.18
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1908453
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

form

crystalline

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

color

faint green to green-yellow

mp

105-107 °C (lit.)

solubility

oil: soluble

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CC1=CC(=O)c2ccccc2C1=O

InChI

1S/C11H8O2/c1-7-6-10(12)8-4-2-3-5-9(8)11(7)13/h2-6H,1H3

InChI key

MJVAVZPDRWSRRC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... NQO1(1728)

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Application

Menadione has been used for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), followed by flow cytometry analysis. It has also been used in microbiological evaluation, such as to detect fastidious microorganisms.

Packaging

25, 100 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Menadione (Vitamin K3) is a synthetic analogue of of 1,4-naphthoquinone with a methyl group in the 2-position. Menadione is used as a phosphatase inhibitor and an inhibitor of mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ (pol γ). Menadione can be used as an oxidative injury (free radical generator) inducing agent.
Menadione is an aromatic polycyclic ketone. It serves as a precursor for vitamin K synthesis. Menadione is converted to menaquinone-4, an active metabolite of vitamin K3. Menadione mediates cell death, by inducing the production of reactive oxygen species through the futile redox cycling.

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Menadione is a metabolite of oral vitamin K
Thijssen Henk HW, et al.
The British Journal of Nutrition, 95(2), 260-266 (2006)
H Thor et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 257(20), 12419-12425 (1982-10-25)
The cytotoxic effects of many quinones are thought to be mediated through their one-electron reduction to semiquinone radicals, which subsequently enter redox cycles with molecular oxygen to produce active oxygen species and oxidative stress. The two-electron reduction of quinones to...
Menadione triggers cell death through ROS-dependent mechanisms involving PARP activation without requiring apoptosis
Loor G, et al.
Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 49(12), 1925-1936 (2010)
Antioxidants can increase melanoma metastasis in mice
Le Gal K, et al.
Science Translational Medicine, 7(308), 308re8-308re8 (2015)
Investigation of cultivable bacteria isolated from longstanding retreatment-resistant lesions of teeth with apical periodontitis
Signoretti Fernanda GC, et al.
Journal of Endodontics, 39(10), 1240-1244 (2013)

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