P5638

Sigma-Aldrich

L-α-Phosphatidylcholine

from soybean, Type II-S, 14-29% choline basis

Synonym(s):
L-α-Lecithin, Azolectin, 3-sn-Phosphatidylcholine, PC, 1,2-Diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
CAS Number:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
5209585
EC Number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

soybean

Quality Level

type

Type II-S

assay

14-29% choline basis

form

powder or solid

functional group

phospholipid

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

InChI

1S/C42H80NO8P/c1-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-20-21-23-25-27-29-31-33-35-42(45)51-40(39-50-52(46,47)49-37-36-43(3,4)5)38-48-41(44)34-32-30-28-26-24-22-19-17-15-13-11-9-7-2/h14,16,20-21,40H,6-13,15,17-19,22-39H2,1-5H3/b16-14-,21-20-/t40-/m1/s1

InChI key

JLPULHDHAOZNQI-ZTIMHPMXSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

P5638 is a crude extract of soybean phospholipids.

Typical lots of purified soybean phosphatidylcholine have fatty acid contents of approximately 13% C16:0 (palmitic), 4% C18:0 (stearic), 10% C18:1(oleic), 64% C18:2 (linoleic), and 6% 18:3 (linolenic) with other fatty acids being minor contributors. This would calculate to an average molecular weight of approximately 776.

Purified phosphatidylcholine is soluble in chloroform and ethanol.

Other major phospholipid components include phosphatidylethanolamine and inositol phosphatides. Other phospholipids and neutral lipids such as triglycerides, tocopherols, and sterols may be present. Carbohydrates may also be present.

A procedure for determination of the amount of oxidation of egg phosphatidylcholine in a liposome preparation by measurement of the oxidation index has been published. The oxidation index is the ratio of the absorbance at 233 nm to the absorbance at 215 nm. The latter wavelength was chosen since there is little contribution of the fatty acid carbonyl to the absorbance at this wavelength, allowing Beer′s Law to be followed.

A method of determining choline content has been published.

Packaging

500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Phosphatidylcholine is the major membrane phospholipid in eukaryotic cells. In addition to being the major structural component of cellular membranes, phosphatidylcholine serves as a reservoir for several lipid messengers. It is the source of the bioactive lipids lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidic acid, diacylglycerol, lysophosphatidylcholine, platelet activating factor, and arachidonic acid.

Phosphatidylcholine is used for preparation of vesicle suspensions, commonly called liposomes, or as monolayers. Monolayers have been formed using a solution of 1% soybean phosphatidylcholine in hexane.

Valinomycin-induced changes in membrane potentials of red blood cell and phospholipid (phosphatidylcholine from egg yolk plus cholesterol) vesicle suspensions have been measured using positively-charged, cyanine dyes that fluorimetrically responded to the change in potential.

Purified rhodopsin has been incorporated into soybean phosphatidylcholine vesicles.
A major structural phospholipid in brain, comprising approx. 15% of total lipid; primarily localized to gray matter.

Quality

P5638 is a crude soy extract that contains many other lipids.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
D M Mihai et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1348-e1348 (2014-07-25)
Cellular events responsible for the initiation of major neurodegenerative disorders of the eye leading to blindness, including age-related macular degeneration, Stargardt and Best diseases, are poorly understood. Accumulation of vitamin A dimers, such as N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E) in the retinal pigment...
Naoki Soga et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 287(12), 9633-9639 (2012-01-19)
ATP synthase is the key player of Mitchell's chemiosmotic theory, converting the energy of transmembrane proton flow into the high energy bond between ADP and phosphate. The proton motive force that drives this reaction consists of two components, the pH...
P M Guy et al.
Biochemistry, 29(30), 6954-6964 (1990-07-31)
The intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence of the alpha subunit of transducin (alpha T) has been shown to be sensitive to the binding of guanine nucleotides, with the fluorescence being enhanced by as much as 2-fold upon the binding of GTP or...
Burcu Ustuner et al.
Animal reproduction science, 164, 97-104 (2015-12-20)
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of rainbow trout seminal plasma (RTSP) (0.1%, 1% and 10%) in extenders containing either egg yolk or lecithin for use in Awassi ram semen cryopreservation. Pooled...
Austin J Rice et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(29), 21228-21235 (2013-05-28)
In bacteria, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are vital for the uptake of nutrients and cofactors. Based on differences in structure and activity, ABC importers are divided into two types. Type I transporters have been well studied and employ a tightly...

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.