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Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Three Natural Antioxidants on a Rat Model of Parkinson's Disease: A Comparative Study.

Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland) (2020-01-16)
Lyubka P Tancheva, Maria I Lazarova, Albena V Alexandrova, Stela T Dragomanova, Ferdinando Nicoletti, Elina R Tzvetanova, Yordan K Hodzhev, Reni E Kalfin, Simona A Miteva, Emanuela Mazzon, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Atanas G Atanasov
ABSTRACT

We compared the neuroprotective action of three natural bio-antioxidants (AOs): ellagic acid (EA), α-lipoic acid (LA), and myrtenal (Myrt) in an experimental model of Parkinson's disease (PD) that was induced in male Wistar rats through an intrastriatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). The animals were divided into five groups: the sham-operated (SO) control group; striatal 6-OHDA-lesioned control group; and three groups of 6-OHDA-lesioned rats pre-treated for five days with EA, LA, and Myrt (50 mg/kg; intraperitoneally- i.p.), respectively. On the 2nd and the 3rd week post lesion, the animals were subjected to several behavioral tests: apomorphine-induced rotation; rotarod; and the passive avoidance test. Biochemical evaluation included assessment of main oxidative stress parameters as well as dopamine (DA) levels in brain homogenates. The results showed that all three test compounds improved learning and memory performance as well as neuromuscular coordination. Biochemical assays showed that all three compounds substantially decreased lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels, and restored catalase (CAT) activity and DA levels that were impaired by the challenge with 6-OHDA. Based on these results, we can conclude that the studied AOs demonstrate properties that are consistent with significant antiparkinsonian effects. The most powerful neuroprotective effect was observed with Myrt, and this work represents the first demonstration of its anti-Parkinsonian impact.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lipid Peroxidation (MDA) Assay Kit, sufficient for 100 colorimetric or fluorometric tests
Sigma-Aldrich
6-Hydroxydopamine hydrochloride, ≥97% (titration), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutathione Assay Kit, sufficient for 700 assays
Sigma-Aldrich
Glutathione Peroxidase Cellular Activity Assay Kit, Sufficient for 100 colorimetric tests
Sigma-Aldrich
Ellagic acid hydrate, technical grade

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