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Photocatalytic removal of NO and HCHO over nanocrystalline Zn2SnO4 microcubes for indoor air purification.

Journal of hazardous materials (2010-03-30)
Zhihui Ai, Shuncheng Lee, Yu Huang, Wingkei Ho, Lizhi Zhang
ABSTRACT

Nanocrystalline Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes were hydrothermally synthesized and systematically characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, N(2) adsorption-desorption, and UV-vis DRS analysis. The resulting Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes with the edge size ranging from 0.8 to 1.2 microm were composed of numerous nanoparticles with size of 10-20 nm, and their optical band gap energy was estimated to be 3.25 eV from the UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra. On degradation of nitrogen monoxide (NO) and formaldehyde (HCHO) at typical concentrations for indoor air quality, these nanocrystalline Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes exhibited superior photocatalytic activity to the hydrothermally synthesized ZnO, SnO(2), and Degussa TiO(2) P25, as well as C doped TiO(2) under UV-vis light irradiation. This enhanced photocatalytic activity of the nanocrystalline Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes was attributed to their bigger surface areas, smaller particle size, special porous structures, and special electronic configuration. The nanocrystalline Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes were chemically stable as there was no obvious deactivation during the multiple photocatalytic reactions. This work presents a promising approach for scaling-up industrial production of Zn(2)SnO(4) nanostructures and suggests that the synthesized nanocrystalline Zn(2)SnO(4) microcubes are promising photocatalysts for indoor air purification.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine hydrochloric acid solution, ~0.005 M in ethanol, for TLC derivatization
Sigma-Aldrich
2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, reagent grade, 97%