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  • Comparison of a variety of gas chromatographic columns with different polarities for the separation of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans by high-resolution mass spectrometry.

Comparison of a variety of gas chromatographic columns with different polarities for the separation of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans by high-resolution mass spectrometry.

Journal of chromatography. A (2006-12-13)
Vyacheslav N Fishman, Gregory D Martin, Lester L Lamparski
ABSTRACT

The applicability of 13 different GC columns (Agilent HP-5MS, Restek Rtx-5MS, Rtx-Dioxin2, Supelco Equity 5, SP-2331, Varian VF-5MS, CP-Sil 8 CB LowBleed/MS, J&W Scientific DB-5, DB-225, DB-XLB, DB-5MS, Phenomenex ZB-5MS, and ZB-5UMS) for US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methods 1613b, 8290 and European Standard Method EN 1948 for measurement of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) has been evaluated for the separation of all International Toxic Equivalent Factor (I-TEF) isomers (tetra- through octachlorinated at 2,3,7,8 positions) from closely eluting isomers using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The relative performance data are compared based on mass chromatograms using a "visualization approach", absolute retention times, 2,3,7,8-substituted, total dioxins and furans concentrations, as well as TEQ comparisons. None of the columns tested were able to separate all 17 I-TEFs from other co-eluted isomers. Our data indicate that all I-TEFs isomers can be fully differentiated from closely eluting isomers using either of two sets of non-polar and polar stationary phase combinations. One set consists of DB-5 (HP-5MS, Rtx-5MS, Equity-5) and DB-225 GC columns and another set would have a combination of DB-5MS (ZB-5MS, VF-5MS, CP-Sil 8 CB LowBleed/MS) with SP-2331. However, depending on the source of PCDDs/PCDFs a laboratory could choose a single GC column that separates the 2,3,7,8-substituted congeners that contribute most significantly to the overall TEQ. These data are the most comprehensive to date, provide a valuable addition to operational criteria for the standard EPA methods 1613b, 8290, European Standard Method EN 1948 and will allow researches to compare data generated according to the different compliance analytical procedures.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SP®-2331 Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 60 m × 0.32 mm, df 0.20 μm
Supelco
SP®-2331 Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 60 m × 0.25 mm, df 0.20 μm
Supelco
SP®-2331 Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.25 mm, df 0.20 μm