PDMS surface should be activated using a low frequency air plasma treatment for 1 min. (Recommended plasma cleaners Prod. No.: Z561673, Z561681, Z561657, Z561665).
The plasma activated PDMS sample should be rinsed by washing with ethanol for at least 10 min. The rinsing procedure should be repeated 3 times. Then, the sample should be air-dried for at least 15 min. The water contact angle of such obtained activated PDMS surface is expected to be within a 25–40 ° range.
The surface of the horizontally positioned sample prepared in the previous step should be covered with Solution A, typically ~1 mL of the solution per square inch of the surface. The sample should be dried under ambient conditions for 20–30 minutes and annealed at 110 °C under nitrogen or argon for 30 minutes.
The annealed sample should be rinsed three times with Methylethylketone for 10 min each time. Then, it should be air-dried for at least 30 min.
6 mL of ethanol must be added to the container containing Solution B. The mixture should be homogenized by careful stirring. The surface of the horizontally positioned sample prepared in the previous steps should be treated by completely covering the area to be modified with the homogeneous solution, which typically takes ~1 mL per square inch of the surface. The sample should be dried at ambient conditions for 20–30 minutes, then annealed at 80 °C for 14 hrs. Finally, the unattached polymer should be removed from the sample by a thorough rinse with water and the sample air-dried at room temperature.