D9170

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

PCR Reagent

Sinônimo(s):
DMSO
Fórmula linear:
(CH3)2SO
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506008
Número EC:
Número MDL:
ID de substância PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.25

grau

PCR Reagent

Nível de qualidade

200

densidade de vapor

2.7 (vs air)

pressão de vapor

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

teor

≥99.5%

forma

liquid

temperatura de autoignição

573 °F

prazo de validade

Recommended retest period - 2 years

Lim. expl.

42 %, 63 °F

embalagem

vial of 1 mL

aplicação(ões)

PCR: suitable

Impurezas

≤0.1% water
water

cor

colorless

índice de refração

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

pb

189 °C (lit.)

pf

16-19 °C (lit.)

solubilidade

H2O: miscible (completely)

densidade

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

adequação

suitable for PCR

Setor em destaque

Agriculture

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descrição geral

Dimethyl sulfoxide is a free radical scavenger and a cryopreservant. It elicits protective effect in double stranded breaks(DSBs). Dimethyl sulfoxide (1-10%) has been shown to accelerate strand renaturation and is believed to give the nucleic acid thermal stability against depurination. As a PCR cosolvent, DMSO may help improve yields, especially in long PCR.

Aplicação

Dimethyl sulfoxide has been used as a component of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mixture and as PCR facilitator.

Atenção

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Outras notas

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table

storage_class_code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Alemanha

WGK 1

Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

87 °C - closed cup

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter

Certificado de análise

Certificado de origem

  1. What is the molarity of DMSO?

    DMSO will have a molarity of 14.1M, based on a density of 1.1 g/mL and a molecular weight of 78.13 g/mol.

  2. What is the DMSO dissolved in?

    DMSO is not dissolved in any solvent. It is a pure chemical compound that is a liquid at room temperature.

  3. Where does DMSO come from?

    DMSO is known to have been isolated from tree bark in the past. It is now a commericially synthesized solvent.

  4. Does DMSO have any synthetic utility?

    DMSO has been used to oxidize thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids, hydrolysis of epoxides, thioalkylation of phenols, and oxidation of primary alcohols and halides, and esters of primary alcohols to aldehydes.

  5. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  6. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) should be a liquid.  Why did it arrive as a solid?

    DMSO supercools easily, and re-melts slowly at room temperature. The melting point is 16-19 °C. The solidified product can be re-liquefied by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

  7. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  8. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  9. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

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A single-molecule assessment of the protective effect of DMSO against DNA double-strand breaks induced by photo-and gamma-ray-irradiation, and freezing
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