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A novel approach based on solid phase microextraction gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to the determination of highly reactive organic compounds in cells cultures: styrene oxide.

Chemical research in toxicology (2004-01-20)
Diana Poli, Maria Vittoria Vettori, Paola Manini, Roberta Andreoli, Rossella Alinovi, Sandra Ceccatelli, Antonio Mutti
ABSTRACT

A solid phase microextraction (SPME) gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method was developed to assess actual doses of highly reactive organic compounds like styrene oxide (SO) in exposed cell cultures. Using SPME, we set up a method to measure accurately extracellular SO concentrations as well as to obtain an approximate assessment of intracellular levels. The SPME-GC/MS method was developed and validated using two different coating materials, carboxen-PDMS and polyacrylate. In cell-free systems, linearity was established over 3 orders of magnitude for both fibers, but carboxen-PDMS showed higher extraction efficiency and a lower limit of detection (0.5 x 10(-7) vs 10(-6) M for polyacrylate). Precision calculated as % RSD was within 4-16% for all intra- and interday determinations. Experiments performed to study SO stability in cell-free medium showed a time-dependent decrease in SO concentration (11% of initial the concentration after 24 h), mostly due to the spontaneous hydrolysis of SO into styrene glycol, which was measured by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). When the neuronal cell line (SK-N-MC) was exposed to a nominal concentration of 0.3 x 10(-4) M SO, the actual concentration measured in the supernatant was considerably lower and was found to decrease during incubation. Intracellular SO was estimated indirectly, by difference between the amount measured in the medium without cells and in the supernatant of the cell-containing medium.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(R)-(−)-1-Phenyl-1,2-ethanediol, 99%
Supelco
Carboxen® 569, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Phenyl-1,2-ethanediol, 97%
Supelco
ORBO 90 Carboxen® 564 (20/45), 160/80 mg, W,F,F separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 75 mm, pkg of 25 ea, for analyte group MEK (methylethyl ketone)
Supelco
ORBO 78 HBr on Carboxen® 564 specially cleaned (20/45), 400/200 mg, W,W,W separators, O.D. × L 6 mm × 110 mm, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
Carboxen® 569, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2, glass TD tube, fritted, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder/autosampler, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1003, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 563, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder/autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm (CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
Tenax® TA / Carboxen® 1018, glass TD tube, preconditioned, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., Sealed with (Swagelok® End-Fittings), pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber, fiber L 1 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm (CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 572, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm