MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Analysis of amino acids by HPLC/electrospray negative ion tandem mass spectrometry using 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl chloride (Fmoc-Cl) derivatization.

Analysis of amino acids by HPLC/electrospray negative ion tandem mass spectrometry using 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl chloride (Fmoc-Cl) derivatization.

Amino acids (2014-09-15)
Jörg Ziegler, Steffen Abel
ABSTRACT

A new method for the determination of amino acids is presented. It combines established methods for the derivatization of primary and secondary amino groups with 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl chloride (Fmoc-Cl) with the subsequent amino acid specific detection of the derivatives by LC-ESI-MS/MS using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The derivatization proceeds within 5 min, and the resulting amino acid derivatives can be rapidly purified from matrix by solid-phase extraction (SPE) on HR-X resin and separated by reversed-phase HPLC. The Fmoc derivatives yield several amino acid specific fragment ions which opened the possibility to select amino acid specific MRM transitions. The method was applied to all 20 proteinogenic amino acids, and the quantification was performed using L-norvaline as standard. A limit of detection as low as 1 fmol/µl with a linear range of up to 125 pmol/µl could be obtained. Intraday and interday precisions were lower than 10 % relative standard deviations for most of the amino acids. Quantification using L-norvaline as internal standard gave very similar results compared to the quantification using deuterated amino acid as internal standards. Using this protocol, it was possible to record the amino acid profiles of only a single root from Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings and to compare it with the amino acid profiles of 20 dissected root meristems (200 μm).

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 10.0% acetone, 40.0% 2-propanol, 0.05% formic acid
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 0.05 % (w/v) ammonium formate, 0.1 % (v/v) formic acid, 5 % (v/v) water, suitable for HPLC
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, anhydrous, 99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, suitable for HPLC, gradient grade, 99.93%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 0.05 % (v/v) trifluoroacetic acid
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 0.1 % (v/v) trifluoroacetic acid, suitable for HPLC
Supelco
Methanol, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 0.1 % (v/v) formic acid, suitable for HPLC
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, suitable for HPLC, gradient grade, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, suitable for HPLC, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, ACS reagent, ≥99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.6%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, suitable for HPLC, gradient grade, suitable as ACS-grade LC reagent, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, NMR reference standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, ACS reagent, ≥99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, Absolute - Acetone free
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, ACS spectrophotometric grade, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, ACS reagent, ≥99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, HPLC Plus, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph Eur, ≥99.7% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile solution, contains 0.035 % (v/v) trifluoroacetic acid, suitable for HPLC
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, BioReagent, ≥99.93%
Supelco
Methanol, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
Residual Solvent - Acetonitrile, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, HPLC Plus, ≥99.9%, poly-coated bottles
Sigma-Aldrich
Fmoc chloride, BioReagent, ≥99.0% (HPLC)
Supelco
Fmoc chloride, for HPLC derivatization, LiChropur, ≥99.0% (HPLC)
Supelco
Acetonitrile, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetonitrile, HPLC Plus, ≥99.9%, poly-coated bottles